JURNAL KEPENDUDUKAN INDONESIA, VOL. 2, NO. 1, 2007

PenulisArtikelAbstrak
Lusia Peilouw INFANT MORTALITY IN NUAULU AND NON-NUAULU COMMUNITIES IN MALUKU TENGAH:
Social Exclusion And Ethnicity In Indonesia
Nuaulu is a tribal community in Maluku. Geographically this community is not isolated as is commonly assumed tribal communities living in remote areas are. Located among non-tribal communities, it is only a few kilometres from the centre of the Maluku Tengah District. However, these communities differ in social provisioning entitlements. This study uses infant mortality to explain social phenomena in the communities. Through a structured survey and literature study, it has found that infant mortality in the Nuaulu population in Rouhua is higher than in the non-Nuaulu population in Makariki. Social factors such as education, health and culture are considered determinants of the mortality together with household economic resources. None of these socio-economic factors works alone but through links among them as analysed using Mosley and Chen’s framework (1984). Therefore, I argue that different availability of and access to social services and economic resources are the major reasons for the different trends. Cultural practices are not a problem if social and economic needs are properly satisfied. Political will and the concern of the Government are the crux of the matter in this context. Excluding ethnic communities from social policies makes people within those communities vulnerable.
Sri Wahyono THE PROBLEMS OF INDONESIAN MIGRANT WORKERS’ RIGHTS PROTECTION IN MALAYSIA This paper describes the poor state of protection of Indonesian Migrant Workers Rights in almost all economic sectors, both formal and non-formal, in Malaysia. In this research, most of the randomly interviewed respondents were Indonesian Migrant Workers (TKI) with a few Philipinos, Indians and Vietnamese employed in various sectors such as domestic work, manufacturing, plantations, construction, or retail (stores and cafés). Many of the TKI living and working in Malaysia did not receive their full rights as workers and sometimes even lost their basic rights such as that to a minimum wage, not being not having their wages withheld or not paid at all their withhelds, as well as a refusal to have their passports returned. Many of the Indonesian workers were physically and sexually abused by their employers. For example, some Indonesian workers employed in the plantation and construction sectors had to stay in very poor accommodation while many female workers were victimized into becoming forced prostitutes by their sponsors. In addition, some of the TKI had to face serious problems of protection; many as victims of corrupt practices such as the imposition of illegal levies by Malaysian olice and immigration staffs suffered by the TKI were demands for payments, extortion of money and confiscation of valuables factors contributing to the vulnerability of Indonesian migrant workers such as: a) Low formal education and lack of relevant training; b)Lack of information on how to obtain travel documents, how to apply for jobs or visas and how much to pay in fees; c) Lack of knowledge or understanding of the labour law and immigration regulations of Malaysia as the receiving country; d) Falsifying of ID Cards, data of passports and other travel documents in the recruitment and deployment process by recruiting agents and involving immigration officials.
I Ketut Ardhana POPULATION MOBILITY AND TRADE CONTACTS IN THE GOLDEN TRIANGLE: THAILAND, MYANMAR AND LAOSThe border issue has become a significant problem in Southeast Asia since the end of the Second World War. Focused in the border regions in Thailand, Myanmar and Laos, this paper looks at the factors which have come to the fore, such as, those around economic gaps, cultural and social relations and movement of people who are not listed or are undocumented immigrants in the cross borders. The developments in the borders contribute to the improvements to the area which we can see in the development of trade contacts for instance, through the Mekong River to Luang Prabang and onto the remote areas in the eastern part of Laos. Such conditions are due to the development of a trans-national economy, new economic growth and trade activities. This study gives a better understanding of the trade contacts in the border regions in Southeast Asia, especially a better understanding of such issues that may be shared by Indonesia.
Ary Wahyono ADAPTASI PERTANIAN PENDUDUK DI KAWASAN KONSERVASI
(Studi Tentang Perambahan Lahan Kasus Tanaman Kulit Manis di Taman Nasional Kerinci Seblat, Jambi, Sumatera)
Bahasan dalam tulisan ini bermaksud mengemukakan motivasi dan latar belakang petani dalam mengembangkan tanaman kulit manis dan melihat faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kegiatan perladangan kulit manis di kawasan konservasi. Ladang campuran merupakan bentuk adaptasi petani dalam mengatasi kesuburan ladang kulit manis. Tanaman kulit manis merupakan tanaman tabungan untuk keperluan pendidikan, perkawinan sampai ongkos biaya haji. Ada dua strategi untuk mengatasi kesuburan ladang, yaitu membuka ladang di kawasan hutan dan di kawasan perladangan kulit manis.
Dilihat dari aspek penguasaan ladang dan keragaman komposisi umur tanaman kulit manis mencerminkan bahwa petani Kerinci di Desa Siulak tidak memiliki pola perladangan berpindah yang tetap. Karena itu, perkembangan areal perladangan kulit manis cenderung ekspansif dan penguasaan lahan hutan beralih dari adat ke negara. Perubahan penguasaan hutan ini membawa implikasi pada persepsi penduduk terhadap penguasaan ladang kulit manis yang tidak lagi identik dengan penguasaan lahan tanaman kulit manis, tetapi terbatas pada penguasaan atas tanaman kulit manis yang tumbuh di atasnya. Pola penguasaan ladang yang demikian menyebabkan setiap orang bebas untuk memiliki dan mengembangkan ladang kulit manis. Tulisan ini menggunakan data primer berdasarkan penelitian yang dilakukan pada tahun 1999. Unit analisis adalah rumah-tangga petani yang mengusahakan perladangan tanaman kulit manis. Pendekatan yang digunakan dalam kajian adalah kualitatif dan kuantitatif.
Anita S. Wartaman dan Raldi H. Koestoer DAMPAK INVESTASI TERHADAP KETIMPANGAN KESEMPATAN KERJA REGIONAL DI INDONESIA Iklim investasi merupakan salah satu isu krusial di Indonesia, sebagaimana yang disebutkan dalam White Paper dan President Decree No. 87 Tahun 2003. Investasi dapat mendorong perbaikan aspek ketenagakerjaan di mana tulisan ini memfokuskan pada dua aspek, yaitu pertama, untuk menemukenali karakteristik investasi paska krisis moneter, dan kedua, bagaimana dampak ikutannya bagi penyerapan tenaga kerja di tingkat regional di Indonesia, terutama yang terkait dengan kualitas sumber daya manusia. Terdapat perbedaan yang nyata dari dampak induksi investasi terhadap penyerapan tenaga kerja antara wilayah Indonesia Bagian Barat dan Bagian Timur.


Penulis : Lusia Peilouw, Sri Wahyono, I Ketut Ardhana, Ary Wahyono,
Anita SW, Raldi H Koestoer

Dewan redaksi : Penanggung Jawab: Aswatini (Kepala PPK-LIPI). Pemimpin Redaksi: Augustina Situmorang. Dewan Redaksi: Deny Hidayati, Suko Bandiyono, Laila Nagib, Titik Handayani. Dewan Penasihat Redaksi: Gavin W. Jones (National University of Singapore-Singapore), Graeme Hugo (University of Adelaide-Australia), Terence H. Hull (Australian National University), Adrian C. Hayes (Australian National University-Australia), Gouranga Dasvarma (Flinders University-Australia), Aris Ananta (Institute of Southeast Asian Studies-Singapore), Azuma Yoshifumi (Ibaraki University-Japan). Redaksi Pelaksana: Gutomo Bayu Aji, Ken Fitria Indrawardani, Djuhartinah S, Sutarno.
ISSN : 1907-2902
Tahun Penerbitan : 2007
Penerbit : LIPI PRESS

jurnalkependudukan_kecil.jpg (31 KB)

jurnalkependudukan_kecil.jpg (31 KB)

Satker: P2 Kependudukan
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