Masyarakat Indonesia, Majalah Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial Indonesia, Jilid XXXIII, No. 2, 2007

PenulisArtikelAbstrak
P.M. LaksonoVISUALITAS GEMPA YOGYA 27 MEI 2006 The eartquake of May 27, 2006 put Yogyakarta under unprecedented intense news coverage of the world masss media for weeks. Almost instantly throught its visual mediation, we, the media readers, saw the disastrous impact of the earthquake, i.e., how about 6000 people lost their lives and more than 200,000 houses ini Yogyakarta and in Central Java were reduced to debris in just less than a minute. We can also witness people's reaction to mitigate the damage. Based on the readings of various newspapers during 40 days after the earthquake, this article argues, that such mediation of the disaster. We see, for instance, instead of transmitting the death/victims to another place out there immediately, the visualization of the disaster, has somehow perpetuated the mourning. It is therefore hard for the victims to immediately reproduce their values for coping with the disaster. The fact, that this process as a kind of a "mass funeral". Here, particularly in the first week after the quake, influx of people out of nowhere teeming randomly around the disaster area to witness the victims and to show their solidarity, while delivering some reliefs. Altogether they transform the victims into a mass of spectacle, who as a mass too, readly plunder the relief. It seems the structuring of this chaos only becomes more apparent after the second week, when the mass media turned its stance closer to the state's way of seeing things. However, this article suggests that alot more experiences in coping with the disaster remain beyond this (formal/partial) mediation, i.e., beyond the social structure. They form a collective visuality of the disaster, with which people want to access their own life (again).
Barbara HatleyTHEATRE AND LOCAL CULTURAL REVIVAL AFTER THE 2006 YOGYAKARTA EARTHQUAKEGempa bumi Yogyakarta Mei 2006 mempunyai pengaruh tersendiri di Kabupaten Bantul, sebelah selatan kota. Mengingat banyaknya para pemain pertunjukan seni tinggal di Bantul, maka ada kemungkinan pertunjukan seni akan sangat terpukul. (Namun nampaknya tidak demikian). Para pemain lokal, banyak di antara yang kehilangan rumah, bergerak untuk melakukan pertunjukan kesenian daerah ke seantero wilayah, dan kegiatan kesenian menjadi sebuah elemen kunci dalam kebangkitan Bantul dari bencana alam. Artikel ini menggambarkan proses bagaimana pertunjukan seni mendukung semangat komunitas, menganalisis dan memperlihatkan bentuk-bentuk budaya lokal selama krisis bencana alam. Apakah hal ini dapat berlanjut ketika keadaaan normal kembali dalam bentuk 'relentless change' dan pengaruh media global, masih harus diperhatikan.
Sri MulatsihKAJIAN KEBIJAKAN PEMERINTAH PASCABENCANA GEMPA BUMI DI PROVINSI DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA Earthquake disaster befalling Yogyakarta and some of Central Java societies on June27, 2006 are one of big disaster which is happening in Indonesia bracket time lately generating many victim and facility various damage. To rehabilitate condition of post-disaster, government to release policy in the form of Keppres No. 9/2006 to form coordinator team to reconstruct and rehabilitate post disaster in DI Yogyakarta Province and Central Java Province. That execution of implementation policy become regional government compotent and hold responsible to director team. DI Ypgyakarta governor leads rehabilitate and reconstruct disaster executor team by giving house development relief fund and infrastructure and also earthquake victim. But, there are indication various constraint from that policy execution, therby seems evaluation to its execution do not be useful.
Nursyirwan Effendi BENCANA: PENGALAMAN DAN NILAI BUDAYA ORANG MINANGKABAUThis article deals with natural disaster that is experienced in ways in which by local people in West Sumatra and that is perceived by anthropology. Form emic perspective, disaster is treated by society as natural asa possible, because a few basic understandings of it stand behind them. They are natural creation, acts of God, value orientation toward nature, and cultural aspects. Consequently, disaster is responded by local people religiously as well as culturally. From anthropological perspective, disaster is viewed asa a global and multiplicity crissies that significantly impact on personal, local and national level of life. Therefore, disaster is not regarded as a natural process as such, but primarily also as social factor that produces a kind of changing society and civilization. Disaster also produces new experiences among the local people in dealing with natural devastating process and, as a result, gives a way for a reproduction of social life due to rising impacts of that disaster. Local people respond disaster by means of situational strategies and cultural understandings. In this sense, they produce various reactivities of natural disaster as a coping strategy toward social and cultural survives
Mita NoveriaBENCANA ALAM DARI SISI KEPENDUDUKAN: PENYEBAB DAN DAMPAKNYANatural disasters occurred in many areas in all over the world, including in Indonesia, have closely relationship with population. The disasters brought about damage for people's live. On the other hands, people can cause some disasters such as flood and landslide. This paper discusses relationship between people and disaster, in the sense of people's "contributions" to environment damage, which leads to natural disaster and in another way around the impact of natural disaster to the people. Evidences from many regions show that natural disaster caused death or lost of big number of people and forced others to leave their homes in order to save their lives. The disaster also brought about huge damage, range from housing, infrastructure and other social economic facilities, such as hospital, schools, and markets. Some people are threatened of severe lives since they live at bad condition of shelters and lack of basic services. On another side, some human caused disasters occured through people's practices of habbits and behaviors that caused environmental hazard, which in turn caused natural disaster. Their practices of shifting water cacthment zones to be housing areas or other close surface utilities such as hotels and bungalows, tapping forest trees excessively and forest burning that caused deforestration, and disposing garbages into the rivers harm the environment and lead to declining of environment caring capacity.
Widjajanti M. SantosoBENCANA DARI PERSPEKTIF SOSIOLOGI FEMINIS The article is using several illustrations to show gender as marginalized knowledge, using feminist sociology as frame of thinking help reveal the existence of the marginalized knowledge. The article discusses that natural disaster disrupts women's lives entirely. Women and children are the highest number of the death toll among all victims, and apart of being a victim of disaster, value plays considerable factor. Some communities have prohibited women to go outside without guardian from relatives or wiyhout head cover. Other communities are minimizing women's participation in public closer to their home. Therefore those are social construction that contributes to the low level of women as survivors. On the other hand, women as care giver are always thinks about children and older people under their care. Therefore instead of running to save her lives, women are running back to give help. On the recovery stages, women are left behind, because people still think there are men to help women and forget that there are widows and girl child living alone. People and organization that help people under disaster have to think that gender is important element in helping people. Without gender as knowledge, women would be left behind in the relief scheme. The women organization realized this problems are there are pushing gender as a women knowledge so that, the organization and relief workforce able to give help that sensitized with special need.
Maria E. PanduDISERTASI: JENDER DI TANAH MANDAR (Studi Kasus Kesetaraan dan Kemitraan Terpadu pada Komunitas Nelayan Mandar di Lingkungan Rangas Barat, Kelurahan Totoli, Kecamatan BanggaE, Kabupaten Majene) The aim of study was to describe, analyze, and explain whether or not there is an integrated equity and partnership between husbands and wives among the fishermen's leaders (ponggawa) and crew (sawi/pappalele) families in Mandar. The study was conducted in the Village of Rangas Barat, Majene regency. The study was a qualitative case study using descriptive explanatory and phenomenological strategy. The selection of informants was done purposively. The data were analyzed by using componential analysis and gender analysis. The profound study on social status of husband and wives, the roles of husbands and wives in the families and community, decision of making between husband and wives, social relation between husbands and wives and their relatives, treatment of husband and other relatives on his wives, indicates that there is an integrated equity and partnership between husbands and wives among the fishing community. The cultural values and socio-economic status are not constraints for the relationships between husbands and wives in the fishing community. Based on the description of the community in the research location, it is recommended that an adaptive model of empowerment be used that is gender participative empowerment.
Endang RetnowatiDISERTASI: KRITIK TERHADAP WACANA POLITIK ORDE BARU: MENELUSURI PIDATO KENEGARAAN PRESIDEN REPUBLIK INDONESIA, SOEHARTO, 16 AGUSTUS 1985-1997 The dissertation raises the gap between factual reality and the content of Soehartos' state affairs speeches on August 16th, 1985-1997. She analyzed it by using the hermeneutic phenomenology method to open up, to interpret, and to reflect the text in order to uncover the reality. The ideology in the paternalistic hierarchical model of bureaucracy during the new order was used as a device to hide, to dominate, and to serve the need of power and economy of the dominated group. In other words, the ideology has a role as a device to maintain the establishment of the reality and power. Besides, it also forms the individual and group actions that direct to the deviation of morality, law norm, and justice. The deviations have conducted the reality to become utopian. Finally, the ideology has produced failures, and at the same time, the awarenees of the capitalism economic system of the industrial countries came to Indonesia through political elite. This case influenced the development which was conducted in the new order era. In that era, the development has not touched the value region but the ratio instrumental region that controls the capitalism economic movement which is run after the benefits of money as much as possible.


Penulis : Erniati Djohan, PM Laksono, Barbara Hatley, Sri Mulatsih,
Nursyirwan Effendi, Mita Noveria, Widjajanti M Santoso,
Maria E Pandu, Endang Retnowati, Laely Nurhidayah, Titik Handayani

Dewan redaksi : Pemimpin Umum: Dewi Fortuna Anwar. Wakil Pemimpin Umum: Neni Sintawardani. Pemimpin Redaksi: Ninuk Kleden-Probonegoro. Wakil Pemimpin Redaksi: Tri Ratnawati. Anggota Redaksi: Jusmaliani, Eniarti Djohan, Erwiza Erman, Katubi. Redaksi Pelaksana: S Made Subaliati, Akhmad Khozin.
ISSN : 0125-9989
Tahun Penerbitan : 2007
Penerbit : LIPI PRESS

masyarakatindonesia_kecil.jpg (39 KB)

masyarakatindonesia_kecil.jpg (39 KB)

Satker: Kedeputian IPSK
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2 Responses to Masyarakat Indonesia, Majalah Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial Indonesia, Jilid XXXIII, No. 2, 2007

  1. umam says:

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  2. syamsul hadi says:

    mohon disharing artikel (jurnal) terkait sosiologi bencana yang bisa di download. Matur nuwun

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